In this episode, Phil explains what Need for Cognition is, most easily defined as a scale ranging from enjoying thinking and finding it as something internally motivated, down to something that is a reluctant chore that requires external motivation. Most notably, someone can be highly intelligent but low need for cognition.
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- Need for Cognition: a personality variable reflecting the extent to which individuals are inclined towards effortful cognitive activities.
- Elaboration Likelihood Model: a model explaining the chances whether someone will engage with an argument by it’s rational, logical merits, or go off of quick shorthand
- The Big 5 Personality Traits: the leading personality model we have (not the PoS MBTI)
- Fluid and Crystalized Intelligence:
- Fluid intelligence is the ability to solve novel reasoning problems and is correlated with a number of important skills such as comprehension, problem solving, and learning.
- Crystallized intelligence involves the ability to deduce secondary relational abstractions by applying previously learned primary relational abstractions.
- Evolutionary Psychology: a theoretical approach in psychology that examines cognition and behavior from a modern evolutionary perspective.
- Heuristics: any approach to problem solving or self-discovery that employs a practical method that is not guaranteed to be optimal, perfect, or rational, but is nevertheless sufficient for reaching an immediate, short-term goal or approximation.
- Ethics: a branch of philosophy that “involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior”.
- Replication Crisis: an ongoing methodological crisis in which it has been found that the results of many scientific studies are difficult or impossible to reproduce.
- Ego Depletion: the idea that self-control or willpower draws upon a limited pool of mental resources that can be used up (with the word “ego” used in the psychoanalytic sense rather than the colloquial sense).
- Episode 10: Actor-Observer Bias
- Gross Domestic Product: a monetary measure of the market value of all the final goods and services produced in a specific time period by countries.
- Permaculture: an approach to land management and settlement design that adopts arrangements observed in flourishing natural ecosystems.
- Stakeholder Capitalism: a system in which corporations are oriented to serve the interests of all their stakeholders. Among the key stakeholders are customers, suppliers, employees, shareholders and local communities.
- Myers-Briggs Personality Inventory (the MBTI): A trash, pseudoscientific approach to measurieng personality. (A source, but you can find plenty more)
- HEXACO personality model: The HEXACO model of personality conceptualizes human personality in terms of six dimensions.
- Absorption: A disposition or personality trait in which a person becomes absorbed in their mental imagery, particularly fantasy.
- RE: Gender and Rationality in Victorian England—Could not find anything on it, so probably best to disregard. Please provide sources if you have them.
- Directionality (Statistics): Not the correct term, but can’t find it.
- Cognitive-Experiential Self-Theory: a dual-process model of perception based around the idea that people operate using two separate systems for information processing: analytical-rational and intuitive-experiential.
Just gonna steal from Wikipedia to define the Big 5: The Big Five personality traits is a suggested taxonomy, or grouping, for personality traits, developed from the 1980s onward in...
You're shivering, huddled under your thin, discount-store jacket as the winter wind slices through it. Meanwhile, a woman walks by, snug and warm in her expensive, high-quality coat that will last...