Episode 40: Propaganda Techniques – Manufacturing Consent

In this episode, Phil and Steve go down the list of Propaganda Techniques and discuss the ones they find most relevant. We define them as marketing for political ideas, seeking to change minds through as many paths as possible – aside from rational engagement with reason.


  • Propaganda Techniques: We define them as marketing for political ideas, seeking to change minds through as many paths as possible – aside from rational engagement with reason. 
  • Episode 39: Motivational Interviewing
  • PragerU: A right-wing propaganda outfit on Youtube (will not be linking it)
  • Episode 27: Naive Realism
  • Ad Hominem: refers to several types of arguments, some but not all of which are fallacious. Typically this term refers to a rhetorical strategy where the speaker attacks the character, motive, or some other attribute of the person making an argument rather than attacking the substance of the argument itself.
  • Love Bombing: an attempt to influence a person by demonstrations of attention and affection. It can be used in different ways and for either positive or negative purposes. Psychologists have identified love bombing as a possible part of a cycle of abuse and have warned against it.
  • Gaslighting: loosely defined as making someone question their own reality.
  • How to Hide an Empire – Daniel Immerwahr
  • Circle of Empathy: Apparently a term Phil made up in the episode (there is probably a more accepted term somewhere); the groups within this circle are ones that the person will show concern and regard for, excluding those who are outside of the metaphorical circle.
  • Telecommunications Act of 1996
  • Rupert Murdoch is Australian.
  • First Past the Post: the candidate with the highest number (but not necessarily a majority) of votes is elected. Here’s why it’s terrible.
  • Spoiler Effect (aka Vote Splitting):  an electoral effect in which the distribution of votes among multiple similar candidates reduces the chance of winning for any of the similar candidates, and increases the chance of winning for a dissimilar candidate.
  • Yes!: 50 Scientifically Proven Ways to Be PersuasiveRobert Cialdini
  • Whataboutism: denotes in a pejorative sense a procedure in which a critical question or argument is not answered or discussed, but retorted with a critical counter-question which expresses a counter-accusation.
  • Adult Children of Immature Parents – Lindsay C Gibson
  • Fallacy: the use of invalid or otherwise faulty reasoning, or “wrong moves”, in the construction of an argument, which may appear stronger than it really is if the fallacy is not spotted.
  • Kitchen Sinking: a combative strategy where you throw all the complaints you have about your partner in breathless run-on sentences, hoping to overwhelm them by the sheer force of your moral authority.
  • Pizzagate Conspiracy Theory
  • Wayfarer Conspiracy Theory
  • Karl PopperThe Paradox of Intolerance: a society is tolerant without limit, its ability to be tolerant is eventually seized or destroyed by the intolerant. Karl Popper described it as the seemingly paradoxical idea that in order to maintain a tolerant society, the society must retain the right to be intolerant of intolerance.
  • Divide and Rule: Divide and rule in politics and sociology is gaining and maintaining power by breaking up larger concentrations of power into pieces that individually have less power than the one implementing the strategy.
  • Midsommar
  • Dr Ramani (Youtuber)
  • Leading Questions: a leading question is a question that suggests the particular answer contains the information the examiner is looking to have confirmed.
  • Elaboration Likelihood Model: a dual process theory describing the change of attitudes. The two routes: Central Route and Peripheral Route.

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